Radha Rani (36). Husband Krishna Das, a fisherman. Living near of the Brahmaputra river. Fishing is their means of livelihood. She has two sons Lakshman, Phulbabu and two daughters Lakshmi and Swarasati in Gogat village No. 1 of Kamarjani union of Gaibandha. She has lost her home several times due to river erosion caused by floods. About 548 sq km of Gaibandha Sadar, Sundarganj, Fulchhari and Saghata upazilas have been submerged in the river in the last 146 years due to erosion of Teesta and Jamuna rivers including Brahmaputra river. And in this long time, about 4 lakh people of these four upazilas have lost everything due to river erosion. Total 40 districts of Bangladesh has been affected by floods this year during June-August causing a total loss about BDT 6000 crore. The cyclone Amphan occured in 20 May of this year has claimed the financial loss Tk 11.5 billion.
|Worth Loss due to Flood in 1988||1,200 crore taka|
|Worth Loss due to Flood in 1998||9,200 crore taka|
|Worth Loss due to Cyclone Sidr and Flood in 2007||23,500 crore taka|
|Worth Loss due to Cyclone Aila in 2009||2,200 crore taka|
|Worth Loss due to Cyclone Amphan, 20 May 2020||11,500 crore taka|
|Worth Loss due to Flood 2020, July-August 2020||5972.76 crore taka|
Considering the intensity and frequency of these disasters, there have strong arguments that these are linked with climate change. There have a warning that 30 million people of the coastal areas of Bangladesh could be displaced and becomes climate migrant. And Climate Change has eaten up 2-3 percent of GDP of Bangladesh every year.
A small number of countries contribute the vast majority of greenhouse gas emissions, with the top 10 emitters accounting for over two-thirds (68%) of annual global greenhouse gas emissions. Most of them also have large populations and economies, together accounting for over 50% of the global population and almost 60% of the world’s GDP. China is the biggest emitter at 26% of global greenhouse gas emissions, followed by the United States at 13%, the European Union at 7.8% and India at 6.7%. Most of the top 10 emitters have higher emissions per person than the world average (around 6.8 tCO2e per person). Among the top 10 total greenhouse gas emitters, Canada and the United States have the highest per capita greenhouse gas emissions at 22 tCO2e per person and 18 tCO2e per person, respectively, while India has the lowest at 2.4 tCO2e per person. China’s per capita emissions (8.5 tCO2e) now surpass those of the European Union (7.1 tCO2e). Countries such as Qatar and Australia, while not among the top 10 emitters, have higher per capita emissions than most top emitters at 34.8 tCO2e per person and 21.5 tCOe2 per person, respectively. Source: WRI
While Bangladesh accounts for less than 0.35 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, but Bangladesh and its poor folks are the innocent victim of climate change. The government of Bangladesh has taken measures to adapt with disasters, but these are not adequate at all. The research shows that the rural families, many of home are living in poverty, are spending double the amount spent by government of Bangladesh and twelve times the amount Bangladesh receives from multi-lateral and bi-lateral sources.
So, the poor folks like Radha Rani bears the burnt of riches. Can the rich avoid their responsibility? It should not be. The riches must bear the burn of climate change. Make them accountable, make them pay! #MakeThemPay