Northeastern Flash Flood, May-June 2022

A report on North Eastern Flash Flood, May-June 2022 released yesterday by Need Assessment Working Group, Bangladesh which said 7.2 millions people of 9 districts (Sunamganj, Sylhet, Hobiganj, Moulovibazar, Mymensingh, Sherpur, Brahmanbaria, Kishorganj and Netrokona) of North-Eastern Part of Bangladesh have affected and 481,827 people have temporally displaced during the recent floods caused by heavy rains in the northeastern region and upstream Indian State Assan and Meghalaya. Kurigram District also inundates, but the report does not cover the district.

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Need to increase utilization of Climate Funds

Not sufficient, but government allocates some budgetary amounts related to climate change to 25 ministries and to the Environment, Forest and Climate Change Ministries; unfortunately the ministries are not are not able to utilize these allocated amount. If we analyze the government budget, we will find out a huge differences between the actual expenditure and the budgetary allocations. In FY2019-20, there was budgetary allocation , amounted Tk. 787.24 crore Taka for climate change of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, but the ministry has utilized only Tk. 436.16 crore. The ministry couldn’t able to expend Tk.351.08 crore. The unutilized budgetary allocation was Tk. 147.49 crore in FY 2020-21. The climate budget of the ministry was Tk.542.57 crore for FY 2021-22, it has revised in Tk.582.62 crore in present budget session. The expenditure report tells us that the ministry has expended about 50 percent of climate allocation for FY 2021-22. So, The trends of the expenditure gives us a sign to failure again to utilize the allocated budget. The government also allocates climate budget to 25 ministries. The expenditure report of 25 ministries are not satisfactory also. There was unitize amount was Tk.4,407.04 crore in FY 2020-21, Tk.5,749.96 crore in FY 2019-20 and Tk.1293.9 crore in FY 2019-20. (Ref. Climate Budget Utilization Report by Prodip K. Roy).

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What we expect from COP26

In the run-up to the 26th session of the talks of United Nations Climate Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, United Kingdoms (UK) that were launched in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, the government of the world’s richest countries are now making ever-lauder claims that they are effectively confronting global warming by pledging to attain `Net Zero’ greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 (the USA, UK and Europe) or 2060 (China).

About 50 thousand people around the globe would be emitted about 50 to 70 thousands tCO2e for their travel, are preparing to attend the conference to negotiate ambitious emission reduction. The developing nations, particularly the climate vulnerable nations with poor economic conditions which are contributing least to the global warming and suffering the most from its effects will demand climate finance, particularly forgotten promises of riches, made more than a decade ago, to provide $100 billion per year to support adaptation with climate change.

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In the climate finance universe, programs and policies should align

Eight hundreds family of Mollar Char union and four hundreds families from Kamarjani Union, surrounded by river of Sadar Upazila of Gaibandha has migrated elsewhere losing their homestead, assets, lives and means of livelihoods due to river erosion of mighty Bramhaputra. People of coastal region including Padmapukur and Gabura union of Shymanagar of Satkhira and Dakhin Bedkashi, Uttar Bedkashi, Koyra Sadar union of Koyra Upazila of Khulna has also been suffering from coastal river erosion since year after year and force to migrate other regions only for survival.

The article published in climate tribune on 26 december 2020

    The intensity and frequency of cyclones, floods and climatic hazards are increasing due to climate change, the experts say. Recognising the facts of climate change, the government has adopted different policy measures like BCCSAP, NAPA, Climate fiscal framework, Country climate investment plan etc and programmes like BCCTF, allocation of fiscal budget in climate change adaptation. But are these policies and programme protecting the people of Kamarjani, Mollar Char, Padmapukur, Gabura, Bedkashi and Koyra Sadar Union?

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    Webinar: Global Climate Action Day

    The coming months and years will be crucial in ensuring a safe pathway below 1.5°C increase in global mean temperature, a target stated in the Paris Agreement. If we are to minimise the risks of triggering irreversible chain reactions beyond human control, we need to act now. It is therefore vital that the climate crisis doesn’t get forgotten in the shadow of the coronavirus but is regarded as the utmost priority. Fridays For Future will keep protesting as long as exploitation of nature is allowed to continue. The form of protest will be adjusted according to local Covid-19 conditions and in places where physical action will be taking place, participants will be asked to take precautions to prevent the spread of the virus. In cases where physical protest is inappropriate, we will instead turn to digital action.

    Greta Thunberg is a Swedish environmental activist who has gained international recognition for promoting the view that humanity is facing an existential crisis arising from climate change and her organization `Fridays for Future’ asked to observe the school children and youths to observe “Global Climate Action Day” on 25 September 2020 to act on the climate crisis.

    As part of the call and connecting the youth volunteers to the global activism, Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods – CSRL and Jalbayu Parishad (Climate Council) convened a online discussion with youth volunteers, working at Koyra, Shyamnagar and Gaibanhda today. Shoeb Chowdhury from CSRL moderated the discussion.

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    Global cooperation for protecting planet and humankind

    Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina virtually addresses the high-level roundtable event held on the sidelines of the 75th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on Thursday, September 24, 2020 

    Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Thursday placed a five points actions for global leaders at the high level roundtable on climate change held at the 75th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA@75) to protect the planet and humankind from the adversities of the climate changes.

    Five points action for global leaders:
    1. Increase international cooperation to protect the planet and mankind;
    2. Polluting countries must increase their NDCs through necessary mitigation measures and keep global temperatures bellow 1.50C;
    3. Implement all articles of the Paris Agreement;
    4. Keep the promised funds and make it available to climate vulnerable countries.
    5. Recognize the global responsibility for rehabilitation of climate induced displaced people.
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    A third of my country was just underwater. The world must act on climate

    The climate crisis and Covid-19 are crying out for international cooperation, writes the prime minister of Bangladesh. Courtesy: The Guardian.

    One-third of my country was underwater last month. The heaviest rains in almost a decade began and have still not abated. More than 1.5 million Bangladeshis are displaced; tens of thousands of hectares of paddy fields have been washed away. Millions of my compatriots will need food aid this year.

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    Resilience and Recovery: Highlighting Solutions for the G20 on Climate and Sustainability

    I’ll urge G20 countries to mainstream the issue of losses and damages as in many parts of the world the environmental losses have become permanent and irreparable

    Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh

    Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Tuesday said the G20 has a greater responsibility to come forward with stronger commitment to mobilise global support to address the issue of displacement or climate refugees. “Peace and security of all will largely depend on how we’ll be able to manage this forced displacement of innocent people,” she said. The Prime Minister said this while addressing the “Resilience and Recovery: Highlighting Solutions for the G20 on Climate and Sustainability” virtually from her official residence as keynote speaker organised by F20 Foundations and King Khaled Foundation, reports UNB.

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    Riches must bear the burnt of climate change

    Radha Rani (36). Husband Krishna Das, a fisherman. Living near of the Brahmaputra river. Fishing is their means of livelihood. She has two sons Lakshman, Phulbabu and two daughters Lakshmi and Swarasati in Gogat village No. 1 of Kamarjani union of Gaibandha. She has lost her home several times due to river erosion caused by floods. About 548 sq km of Gaibandha Sadar, Sundarganj, Fulchhari and Saghata upazilas have been submerged in the river in the last 146 years due to erosion of Teesta and Jamuna rivers including Brahmaputra river. And in this long time, about 4 lakh people of these four upazilas have lost everything due to river erosion. Total 40 districts of Bangladesh has been affected by floods this year during June-August causing a total loss about BDT 6000 crore. The cyclone Amphan occured in 20 May of this year has claimed the financial loss Tk 11.5 billion.

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    Teesta River Comprehensive Management and Restoration project

    1st June 2019
    Safiar Rahman, General Secretary
    Save Teesta, Save the River Committee
    7 September 2020
    Shafiar Rahman, General Secretary
    Save Teesta, Save the River Committee

    People adjacent of Teesta River are dreaming a city like Switzerland and Singapore while the government has taken a mega plan to develop the Teesta Region with financial assistance of about eight thousands crore taka of Chinese government. “The beach-like marine drives would be built in the both side of the river Teesta, so that tourist and people go long drive smoothly, hotel-motel and power plant would be built”, leaders of the movement committee on `Save the Teesta, Save the River’ said. On 8 September 2020, on a consultative meeting, the leaders of the committee has also expressed their gratitude to the Prime Minister for hearing their long times demand.

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    Dammed river, dead river: A case study on Teesta
    Package Deal Between Bangladesh and India
    Houses are disappearing in front of eye…
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    #Make Them Pay

    Solidarity with #MakeThemPay, # PolluterPay

    Big Polluters are in large part responsible for the multi-faceted crises we as a global community are facing. They have eroded the power of governments to effectively address worldwide disasters like the climate crisis and COVID-19. For at least a century, they have polluted, destroyed, and stolen the land, water, and air that Black and other communities of color, Indigenous communities, and communities in the Global South take care of and live on.

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    Regional office of Global Centre on Adaptation launched in Dhaka

    I hope this regional office will share the best adaptation practices of Bangladesh as well as other countries and exchange practices within the region. It will serve as a centre of excellence and a solution-broker for adaptation measures in the region.
    - Sheikh Hasina 
    Prime Minister, People's Republic of Bangladesh

    Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has inaugurated the Bangladesh regional office of the Global Centre on Adaptation (GCA) for South Asia on 08 September 2020. Ban Ki-moon, Chair of the Board of the Global Center on Adaptation and 8th Secretary General of the United Nations, and Netherlands Prime Minister Mark Rutte have virtually attended on the occasion. Ministers from South Asian countries along with Patrick Verkooijen, Chief Executive Officer, Global Center on Adaptation has also attended at the virtual launching event. Following the press conference, experts, academics and representatives from South Asian and global organisations working on climate change participates in the inaugural GCA South Asia Partnership Forum.

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    COVID-19 Awareness: Challenges and How to address it

    jalbayu Parishad

    75 members of Jalbayu Parishad at Koyra, Shyamnagar and Gaibandha are mobilizing GO-NGOs and Private Sector to create mass awareness on COVID-19

    climate volunteer

    60 Youth Volunteers of Jalbayu Parishad are conducting community Monitoring at their own community to mitigate challenges and create mass awareness on COVID-19


    Role of CSOs in Policy Decision

    Have any impacts?

    Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihooods – CSRL conducted a climate hearing on 2nd February 2018 focusing `embankment management involving LGIs’ in the context of climate change. CSRL has been organizing the event since 2009 in Bangladesh. The hearing took place for the first time on December 4, 2009 and then again on November 8, 2010. On 2018, the hearing was the third edition of the National Climate Hearing where three plaintiffs fro Gaibandha, Khulna and Satkhira district raised petitions on their suffering caused by global warming. They Jury panel included lawmaker Saber Hossain Chowdhury, formar Banker Khondkar Imbrahi Khaled, academicians Dr. Jahangir Alam and Dr. Mahbuba Nasrin, panel of experts included Dr. Ainun Nishad, Dr. Tofayel Ahmed, Dr. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed. Dr. Qazi Khiliquzzaman Ahmad, Chair of CSRL declared the verdict to include local government institutions in embankment management to reduce vulnerability of people due to climate change.

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    Get together

    After a long time break, a few members of Online Knowledge Society convened at a online get together on 4th September 2020. The members who were youth volunteers of Online Knowledge Society during 2009-12, now they engages with different institutions and organisations. At 2009, there was a very limited internet facility to the common, but Online Knowledge Society took its volunteers in online and an online office was run to discuss daily updates. We used ning website when it was free. But later the website was charged, then we shifted to facebook and later in wordpress.

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    Ninety Thousands families of flood prone region have been benefited directly

    Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation – PKSF is going to implement a new project called ‘Extended Community Climate Change Project-Flood (ECCP-Flood)’ funded by Green Climate Fund (GCF). In the first phase of the project, 90,000 families in the five districts of Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Nilphamari, Gaibandha and Jamalpur have been identified where many houses have been flooded. These families will be provided with high-rise houses, a tube-well for drinking pure water, goat rearing for employment and small vegetable gardens.

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    Loss and Damages of Flood 2020

    “Two hundred and fifty people have died in the flood-hit areas of the country this year. Most of them have drowned. However, 67,301 people have been affected by various diseases including diarrhea, skin diseases and bronchitis in the 33 flood-hit districts. Of these, half are diarrhea”, the information came up in the report ,‘Update on Natural Disasters and Flood Deaths’ of the control room of the National Health Crisis Management Center of the Department of Health. The data for the last two months from June 30 to August 28 was released. Of the 251 people in the flood-hit area, 210 drowned, 13 were struck by lightning, 25 by snake bites, one by diarrhea and two by injuries. The update has published at Daily Ittefaq today.

    But the ministry of disaster management and relief said on 25 August 2020 that only 42 person have died during the floods. So there have controversy in number of death between Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief and National Health Management Crisis Center.

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    prodip k. roy blog post

    Prodip K. Roy works as Coordinator of Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods – CSRL. He writes personal blog frequently to reflect his own observation and thoughts on different issues. Let’s read the blog……

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    Bangladesh now has to face two emergencies together – health emergencies and disaster emergencies. People who are facing disaster emergencies, they are focusing more on disaster than health. But considering the health emergency, it is even more important to prevent the spread of the corona virus. There is no way to exclude any. The both emergencies have to be tackled together.

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    Gender-based violence in health emergencies: Challenges and How to address it

    “The COVID-19 pandemic is a public health emergency — but it is far more. It is an economic crisis.  A social crisis.  And a human crisis that is fast becoming a human rights crisis.”UN Secretary General, Antonio Gunterres. “ The coronavirus is not going to go away so we must learn to live with it.” – Special envoy of WHO David Nabrro.

    CSRL and Jalbayu Parishad started a three-day long training / workshop on ‘COVID-19 Awareness, Gender-Based Violence and Community Monitoring’ from yesterday. The first session was on ‘COVID-19 awareness’. After concluding the session, participants were asked to come up with action ideas on ‘COVID-19 Awareness’ in the following day.

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