Not sufficient, but government allocates some budgetary amounts related to climate change to 25 ministries and to the Environment, Forest and Climate Change Ministries; unfortunately the ministries are not are not able to utilize these allocated amount. If we analyze the government budget, we will find out a huge differences between the actual expenditure and the budgetary allocations. In FY2019-20, there was budgetary allocation , amounted Tk. 787.24 crore Taka for climate change of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, but the ministry has utilized only Tk. 436.16 crore. The ministry couldn’t able to expend Tk.351.08 crore. The unutilized budgetary allocation was Tk. 147.49 crore in FY 2020-21. The climate budget of the ministry was Tk.542.57 crore for FY 2021-22, it has revised in Tk.582.62 crore in present budget session. The expenditure report tells us that the ministry has expended about 50 percent of climate allocation for FY 2021-22. So, The trends of the expenditure gives us a sign to failure again to utilize the allocated budget. The government also allocates climate budget to 25 ministries. The expenditure report of 25 ministries are not satisfactory also. There was unitize amount was Tk.4,407.04 crore in FY 2020-21, Tk.5,749.96 crore in FY 2019-20 and Tk.1293.9 crore in FY 2019-20. (Ref. Climate Budget Utilization Report by Prodip K. Roy).
We need sufficient budgetary allocation to face climate change impacts, but also it is more important to utilize the allocated budget properly where it is needed urgently . Prodip K. Roy, Chief Executive of Online Knowledge Society and Coordinator of CSRL raises this issue to the seminar on sufficient investment to climate change for sustainable development, organized by COAST Foundation, CPRD (Center for Participatory Research and Development and CDP (Coastal Development Partnership) jointly at CIRDAP Auditorium on 19 June 2022.
In the seminar, Civil Society (CSOs) and expert have demanded at least 2% of GDP [Gross Domestic Product] resource for climate financing through national budgetary process in every year. They also urged government to include coastal infrastructure issues as a prioritized investment sector to achieve sustainable and climate resilient economy.
Dhirendra Debnath Shambhu, MP, and the Chair of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock has participated as Chief Guest and the seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, Executive Director of COAST.
Sharif Jamil, General Secretary of BAPA, AHM Bazlur Rahaman, CEO of BNNRC, Md. Shamsuddoha, CEO of CPRD, Prodip Kumar Roy of CSRL, Sujaul Islam, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dr. Mesbah Uddin Ahmed of Jatiya Sramik Federation and many others civil society representatives spoke in the seminar. The keynote was presented by Syed Aminul Hoque, Director of COAST.
Aminul Hoque of COAST said that government commitment to fight climate change has hardly been reflected in his declared national budget 22-23 fiscal year. The amount allocated taka 30,531 crores as climate budget is very traditional and business as usual which is unable to fulfill the demand. He mentioned that govt. has prepared Delta plan-2100, NDC 2030 [National Determined Contribution 2030], BCCSAP-2009 and recently drafted NAP [National Adaption Plan] those requires around 2.20% of GDP to implement, but current allocation is only 0.69%. He put a few demands regarding climate financing issues are (i) Government must ensure at least 2% of GDP as climate financing according to their strategic plans and real time implement, (ii) Include coastal infrastructure issues as one of the prioritized investment sectors (iii) Separate allocation for embankment construction, (iv) Engage Local Government authority to repair maintenance of embankment and (v) Adequate allocation for climate adaptive agriculture research and development.
Dhirendra Debnath Shambhu MP, and the Chair of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Fishery and Livestock opined that the climate financing is important and need to increase for holistic and balance development in socio-economic perspectives. He demanded a separate ministry or board at least for coastal development issues.
Sharif Jamil said we don’t expect the growth of a few capitalists and thus achieving socio-economic sustainability hardly be possible ignoring the environmental issues. Government will have to think universal sustainability that would come from a balance planning of both economic, environment and climate change issues.
Bazlur Rahaman said, there have different problems and climatic challenges among the East coast, south-west and mid-coastal areas and planning should be developed accordingly. He demands special health care for vulnerable coastal women acute suffering with reproductive health.
Md. Shamsuddoha said that destructive development plans increasing the risk of climatic negative impacts in country those are being observed already and government must rethink on them. He demands to review the NAP [National Adaptation Plan] through taking grassroots opinion and further development followed by existing climate hotspots and their real needs. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury opined that the “Delta Plan 2100” is effective, but there is hardly any resource allocation for this. There are also concern on proper monitoring of climate finance utilization at local level. Government should also consider to reform and strengthen institutional capacity in this regard to draw attention of global finance for fighting climate change issues.