2 months ago, during the last Eid-ul-Fitr, the government gave Tk.2, 500 to the poor families all over the country. That assistance was received by 5 million poor families across the country. This time 10 kg of rice will be given to a family by the government in occasion of Eid-ul-Azha to be held on 1st August 2020. A total of 1 crore 8 lakh families will get this assistance. The rice has already been released. The government has also started distributing this rice as humanitarian assistance, according to the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief.
The World Bank has prepared a report titled `Estimates of the Impact of COVID 19 on Global Probability’ published in 2020 based on three categories of income, the first category has a daily income of USD 1.90 (BDT 171), the second daily income USD 3.20 (BDT 262) and the last daily income USD 5 (BDT 476). Reference: The daily Jugantar, 26 April 2020. According to the report:
- In Bangladesh, the population earning less than USD 2 a day is 2 crore 37 lakhs or 14.8 percent. They are identified as extremely poor. If Corona hits a maximum of 20 percent of a person’s income and purchasing power, their total income below USD 2 a day will increase by 6 percent, in other words, 98 lakh more people will be added to the list of the extreme poor. and their total income below USD 3.2 will increase by 7 percent.
- The number of people earning a daily income above USD 1.90 or below USD 3.6 is 68 million (55 percent). If the corona hits 20 percent of income would increase the rate from 55 to 62 percent. That means it will increase by 7 percent. As a result, 1 crore 12 lakh more people will become poor. As a result, 27 million people will be included in the list of poor and extremely poor in the new cove in the Corona retaliation.
- If it hits 5 percent instead of 20 percent, the poorest (USD 1.90) will increase by 1 percent and the poor (USD 3.20) by 1.52 percent. As such, the number of extremely poor and needy people in Bangladesh will be 4 million anew; Of these, 18 lakh will be extremely poor and 24 lakh people will become poor.
- If the corona hits 20 percent of the income or purchasing power of the people of Bangladesh, 20 million people will fall below the extreme poverty and poverty again. And if the hit rate is even 5 percent, then 4 million people will fall from their previous position.