Bangladesh is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change though the country is the least responsible for carbon emission and global warming, said the experts at a conference in the city yesterday.
They said the country badly needs adaptation measures in the backdrop of its vulnerability.
The two-day international climate conference titled ‘Climate change impacts and adaptation strategies for Bangladesh’ was organised by Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (Buet) at its auditorium.
Speaking at the inaugural session, Buet Vice-chancellor Prof AMM Safiullah said South Asia is the region most vulnerable to climate change impacts.
Citing an assessment of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), he said Bangladesh is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change and it needs adaptation strategies to tackle its vulnerability.
Prof Safiullah said sea-level rise, depletion of sweet water sources, floods and droughts are some direct consequences of climate change set to adversely affect life and livelihood of huge population at Bangladesh’s coastal areas.
Prof Habibur Rahman of civil engineering department at Buet said per capita carbon dioxide (CO2) emission rate in Bangladesh is 0.2 tons per year while it is 20 tons in the industrialised world.
Though the developing world represents three-quarters of the world population, it is responsible for only one-quarter of the fossil-fuel carbon emission, he added.
Prof Rahman said the USA alone is responsible for 23 percent of the total fossil-fuel carbon emission to atmosphere while Bangladesh emits just 0.06 percent.
State Minister for Environment and Forest Advocate Mostafizar Rahman said the reckless extraction of natural resources and negligence to nurturing of nature has led to present alarming state of global climate.
He regretted that some of the developed nations that are mainly responsible for carbon emission and global warming have not yet ratified the climate treaties and protocols accordingly.
He said Bangladesh government has recently formed a climate change strategy and action plan with focus on food security and disaster management.
Participants from home and abroad including the United Kingdom, Germany, Pakistan and Nepal are scheduled to present 30 papers at the conference.